Senate of Pakistan gives equal representation to all federating units which is in line with the constitutional role attributed to the Upper House i.e. promotion of national cohesion and harmony. Each of the four provincial assemblies elect twenty three members from their respective provinces whereas four members are elected by the National Assembly from the Federal Capital and eight Members are elected from the Federal Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) in such manner as the president may by order prescribe. Senate is a permanent House which symbolizes a process of continuity in the national affairs. The term of its member is six years, however, one half of its members retire after ever three years.